Total population of Haryana as per 2011 census is 25,351,462 of which male and female are 13,494,734 and 11,856,728 respectively. In 2001, total population was 21,144,564 in which males were 11,363,953 while females were 9,780,611. The census data shows that Haryana has skewed sex ratio which resulted in increase of girls trafficking from other parts of the country. ―Haryana in North India is already suffering due to skewed sex ratio which has forced many families to purchase brides from states like Bihar and West Bengal(More than Just Bride: Early Child Marriges in Haryana).
India’s history of son preference is not a novel issue to discuss. The generations have witnessed a craving for son and a burdensome feeling for the birth of a girl. The numbers are enough to speak and support the Indian’s love for a male child. The overall sex ratio of India has bene continuously declining from 1901 (972) to the present year of 2011 (940). Similarly, child sex ratio has also declined from 972 in 1901 to 919 in 2011. The states of Haryana and Punjab are the worse in whole country with the lowest sex ratios throughout the decades (Figures given at the end). The figures gleamingly picturize the missing females from the country. In many smaller areas within Punjab and Haryana extremely skewed sex ratios have been registered in the range of 600-700 females per 1000 males. Over the years, the non-interest in the girl child has grown prominent and glaring. The unwontedness and neglect of a girl child has always remained in India, only the methods have changed. Initially it was female infanticide now it is sonography detection for a female fetus and then aborting it.
Climate change is a major contributor to migration and displacement and therefore, significantly increases the risk of human trafficking. Climate change can cause displacement in multiple ways. The most prominent are water shortages and desertification that threaten food supplies and livelihoods and extreme weather conditions leading to natural disasters like flooding, famine and drought. These disasters may disrupt local security safety nets, leaving women and children unaccompanied, separated or orphaned due to the erosion and breakdown of normal social controls and protections. This makes them especially vulnerable to the exploitation of human trafficking. Organised trafficking of women is emerging as a potentially serious risk associated with environmental problems.
In contemporary times, trafficking of women for commercial sexual exploitation has emerged as one of the crucial issues of global concern. The Indian subcontinent, which is intrinsically connected to the dreadful world of trafficking, is witnessing an indigenous process of trafficking network in the country where women viewed as ‘prospective brides’ are trafficked within and across its borders in the name of ‘marriage’ which actually ends up in sexual slavery and bonded labor for them, not just a single time but as many times as they are re-trafficked as brides.
Trafficking today is dealt by different mechanism by the law enforcing body, but in spite of heightened effort, trafficking shows no sign of abating….The question here arises is why???
Authors are Research scholer Associated with Centre of Excellence in Cultural Fixation on Honour: A Gender Audit of Punjab and Haryana, Panjab University, Chandigarh.
The IGLP Asian Regional Workshop was held in Bangkok, Thailand from January 5-11, 2017. I was fortunate enough to be one of the 56 research fellows and participants from over 45 countries, with 46 IGLP faculty members in collaboration. The participants and faculty members introduced themselves and briefly described their research interests and current projects. I was one of the very few students who came from a feminist and gender studies program, which meant either we stood out more or at times became slightly lost in the crowd of potential legal professionals. Nevertheless, when it was my turn to introduce myself and my project on the emerging issue of 'bride trafficking,' I was pleased to see the excitement and curiosity in people's faces.
The irony is that the companies are using CSR for beautifying or humanizing their business without making a sensible change. In most of the cases companies, who directly exploit the environment and natural resources offer direct services like schools or health facilities or different sorts of training for working class.
I called her to inquire about a property case which she had filed in local court with the help of our organization, after death of her ‘husband’ Razaq.
She said that she is not interested in that case or any property because it was not first time when she was abandoned by some family, it is her fate so she decided to marry once again and now living with an old man in Palwal. She said that this man is good and she showed her hope to be in family forever. She invited me to visit her home as a brother but also warned that I will visit her new in-laws home personally and alone. She wanted me to make a call after reaching Palwal only then she can guide me to her new home, she did not her address. She assured me that her number will always be reachable. And if she changes her number she will inform me for sure.
What is the purpose of celebrating the victory of independence, when our sisters are just seen as an item to study the concept of supply and demand. Why are we taught that life is not a monetary product, when on the other hand a daughter is born with a price tag over her. Where is the morality of wise men of India. Where is the philanthropy of saints?